Home > Blog > How To Express Location In French

How To Express Location In French

French location

Expressing location in French is trickier than in English, and the different nuances are expressed through different rules.

Dans, en, and à can all be used to express “in,”  but their usage is very specific.

1) Dans means inside, or a known location:


Je suis dans la ville./ I am inside the city.

Mon portefeuille est dans ma poche./ My wallet is inside my pocket.

2) À (au, à l’, à la, aux) means in/at, a general location, or a location without boundaries:


Je suis à la campagne. / I am in the country.

Je suis à la montagne. / I am at the mountains.

3) En used with ville (city), prison (jail)


Le voleur est en prison. / The thief is in jail.

Where and when to use the correct preposition.

Location NuanceCitiesFeminine countries/locations, or masculine locations starting with a vowelMasculine locations not starting with a vowelplurals
Fromde (d’)de (d’)dudes


Nous sommes à Paris. / We are in Paris.

Ils viennent de Londres. / They come from London.

Ils arrivent en Espagne. / They arrive in Spain.

Vous vivez en Suisse. / You live in Switzerland.

Nous partons au Canada. / We leave for Canada.

Je viens du Mexique. / I come from Mexixo.

Ils ont attéris aux Bahamas. / They have landed in the Bahamas.

Tu viens des Etats-Unis. / You come from the United States.

Get the French content that I don't share publicly to your inbox

Learn French Language Guide
Author: Amélie
"Une langue différente est une vision différente de la vie."
Learn French here.

Make sure to subscribe.