How To Form French Comparatives

Written byAmélie Pinon

The Different Degrees of Comparison in French

French and English enjoy common ways of expressing degrees of comparison namely , equality or inequality.

(Inequality can reflect either inferiority [e.g. less than], greatest inferiority [e.g. the least], superiority [e.g. more than] or greatest superiority [e.g. the most] between people or things.) However, French does not have an equivalent to the English ending forms -er and -est (e.g. abler, ablest) to express superiority or greatest superiority.

In both languages, comparisons are made with/about nouns, pronouns, adjectives and adverbs.

Equality, Inferiority and Superiority

Except for the six exceptions detailed below, one always uses “moins” to express inferiority (e.g. moins accentué / less accented) or “plus” to express superiority (e.g. plus capable / more capable).

French English
Equality aussi adjective/adverb (que) as … (as)
autant de noun (que noun/pronoun) as many/much … (as)
autant que noun/pronoun as many/much … as
Inferiority moins adjective/adverb (que) less … (than)
moins de noun (que) less … (than)
moins de numeral less than …
Superiority plus adjective/adverb (que) more … (than)
plus de noun (que) more … (than)
plus de numeral more than …



Il fait aussi chaud que l’an dernier. / The weather is as hot as last year. (adjective)

Elle vient aussi souvent que moi. / She comes as often as I. (adverb)

J’ai autant de chance que toi. / I have as much luck as you. (noun … pronoun)

Elle nous manque autant qu’á toi./ We miss her as much as you. (pronoun)


Ce terrain est moins développé que l’autre. / This plot is less developed than the other one. (adjective)

On avance moins rapidement que prévu. / We are advancing less rapidly than anticipated. (adverb)

Vous attrapez moins de poissons que votre voisin. / You catch fewer fish than your neighbor. (noun)

Brad Pitt est payé moins de cent millions de dollars. / Brad Pitt is paid less than one hundred million dollars. (numeral)


C’est plus beau que je ne le croyais. / It’s more beautiful than I thought. (adjective)

Ils ont répondu plus gentiment que vous. / They answered more nicely than you. (adverb)

Nous avons plus de courage que nos adversaires. / We have more courage than our opponents. (noun)

Tu as perdu plus de dix mille euros. / You lost more than ten thousand euros. (numeral)

There are 3 adjectives and 3 adverbs whose comparison progressions are irregular.

*Irregular Adjective Superiority Comparison:

bon => good

meilleur (NOT plus bon) => better (comparative)

mauvais => bad

plus mauvais (pire) => worse (comparative)

petit => small

plus petit (moindre) => smaller (comparative)

  • bon is the only true exception as it has no regular comparative; the other two have irregular comparatives as well as regular ones, with the irregular forms (in parenthesis) being used in more circumscribed situations.

Irregular Adverb Superiority Comparison:

bien => well

mieux (NOT plus bien) => better (comparative)

peu => little (comparative)

moins (NOT plus peu) => less

beaucoup => very, much

plus (NOT plus beaucoup) => more (comparative)

  • Partager l'amour (share):
  • Facebook
  • Twitter
How To Form French Comparatives
French comparatives express degrees of comparison: equality, superiority or inequality. Here's how to form them.
Get the French content that I don't share publicly to your inbox:
🇫🇷 Learn French
This online learn French resource guide is for anyone who wants to learn the French language. My goal is to help you learn French grammar and phrases, and share the best French resources to help you learn.
Test your French:
Take our quiz
Get the French content that I don't share publicly to your inbox
French Language Guide
Amélie Pinon
Une langue différente est une vision différente de la vie.Learn French here.Make sure to subscribe.
© French Language Guide, 2024. Privacy Disclaimer Contact